Sir Michael Caine (born Maurice Joseph Micklewhite Jr.) is an English actor. Known for his distinctive South London accent, he has appeared in more than 130 films during a career spanning over 60 years, and is considered a British film icon. As of February 2017, the films in which he has appeared have grossed over $7.8 billion worldwide. He is ranked at No. 20 on the list of highest-grossing box office stars.Caine made his breakthrough in the 1960s with starring roles in British films such as Zulu (1964), The Ipcress File (1965), Alfie (1966), The Italian Job (1969), and Battle of Britain (1969). He was nominated for an Academy Award for Alfie. His roles in the 1970s included Get Carter (1971), The Last Valley (1971), Sleuth (1972), The Man Who Would Be King (1975), The Eagle Has Landed (1976) and A Bridge Too Far (1977). He earned his second Academy Award nomination for Sleuth and went on to achieve some of his greatest critical success in the 1980s, with Brian De Palma's Dressed to Kill (1980), and Educating Rita (1983) earning him the BAFTA and Golden Globe Award for Best Actor. In 1986 he received great acclaim for his performance in Woody Allen's Hannah and Her Sisters earning him his first Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Caine is also known for his performance as Ebenezer Scrooge in The Muppet Christmas Carol (1992), and for his comedic roles in Dirty Rotten Scoundrels (1988), Miss Congeniality (2000), Austin Powers in Goldmember (2002), and Secondhand Lions (2003). He received his second Golden Globe Award for Little Voice (1998). In 1999, he received his second Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance as a sympathetic doctor in The Cider House Rules. In 2002 he received acclaim as a conflicted British journalist in Vietnam in The Quiet American (2002) earning his sixth Academy Award nomination. In 2006 he appeared in Alfonso Cuaron's dystopian drama film Children of Men (2006). Caine gained worldwide popularity for his portrayal of Alfred Pennyworth in Christopher Nolan's The Dark Knight Trilogy (2005–2012). He appeared in several other of Nolan's films including The Prestige (2006), Inception (2010), Interstellar (2014) and Tenet (2020). He also appeared in the heist thriller film Now You See Me (2013), the action comedy film Kingsman: The Secret Service (2014), the Italian drama Youth (2015) and the crime film King of Thieves (2018). Alongside Laurence Olivier, Paul Newman, and Jack Nicholson, Caine is one of only four male actors to be nominated for an Academy Award for acting in five decades. Caine has appeared in seven films that featured in the British Film Institute's 100 greatest British films of the 20th century. In 2000, he received a BAFTA Fellowship and was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in recognition of his contribution to cinema.