Marilyn Pauline "Kim" Novak is a retired American film and television actress. She began her film career in 1954 after signing with Columbia Pictures. There she starred in a string of movies, among them the well received Picnic. She later starred in such films as The Man with the Golden Arm and Pal Joey. However, she is perhaps best known today for her performance as Madeline Elster/Judy Barton in Alfred Hitchcock's thriller Vertigo with James Stewart.