Born Christopher Peter Meloni in Washington, D.C. to parents Robert, a successful endocrinologist, and Cecile, a proud homemaker, Meloni grew up in the nation's capital prior to attending the University of Colorado. Upon earning his bachelor's degree in history in 1983, he returned to the D.C. area, working in construction for a time, before pursuing acting. Meloni relocated to New York City, where he apprenticed at the famed Neighborhood Playhouse while earning a living as a bouncer at various clubs. During that period he took part in several obscure, off-Broadway productions and managed to land occasional television work, with a small recurring role on the daytime soap "Search for Tomorrow" (NBC, 1951-1987), as well as a brief appearance in an episode of the crime drama "The Equalizer" (CBS, 1985-89). With a more substantial returning part as ex-con turned quarterback, Johnny Gunn in the 5th season installment of the NFL comedy "1st & 10: Do It Again" (HBO, 1989-90), Meloni's career began to gain traction. When Meloni won the role of skirt-chasing man-child Frankie Fanelli, one of the titular brothers in the comedy, "The Fanelli Boys" (NBC, 1990-91), it should have been his big break. However, the painfully obvious, facile series about a stereotypical Italian-American family met with indifference from audiences, scorn from critics, and was soon cancelled. Undeterred, Meloni picked up work wherever he found it, with a featured role in the TV movie "When Will I Be Loved" (NBC, 1990), a co-starring turn in the miniseries "In a Child's Name" (CBS, 1991), and two seasons of recurring voice work as the wise-cracking Spike for the live-action/puppetry anomaly "Dinosaurs" (ABC, 1990-94). Meloni had a co-starring role in "Without a Kiss Goodbye" (CBS, 1993), as the loyal husband of Laurie Samuels (Lisa Hartman Black), a woman wrongly convicted of poisoning her infant son. The following year, he also made the jump to the big screen with small parts in two feature films - the Dana Carvey amnesia comedy "Clean Slate" (1994) and "Junior" (1994), starring Arnold Schwarzenegger as a research scientist who accidentally becomes pregnant. Meloni also had the good fortune to make a brief appearance in the Terry Gilliam-directed "12 Monkeys" (1995), an apocalyptic sci-fi thriller starring Bruce Willis as a man sent back in time to prevent the extinction of mankind. He was able to flex a little more muscle as the brutish Mafia scion Johnny Marzonne in the neo-noir "Bound" (1996), written and directed by the Wachowski Brothers. The erotic crime thriller starred Jennifer Tilly and Gina Gershon as a pair of femme fatales who first become lovers, and then partners in crime. Although he ran the risk of being typecast, Meloni continued to accept tough guy roles, including a recurring turn as the vicious gun dealer, Jimmy Liery, on the long-running Steven Bochco procedural, "NYPD Blue" (ABC, 1993-2005), as well as a recurring role on another Bochco production, "Brooklyn South" (CBS, 1997-98). A role in a similar vein came his way with the miniseries "Mario Paso's 'The Last Don'" (CBS, 1997), in which he received positive notices for his intense portrayal of Darryl Hannah's sadistic ex-husband. Meloni also made a small, but utterly hilarious impact as a take-no-guff gay hotel clerk in "Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas" (1998), starring Johnny Deep and directed once again by Terry Gilliam.Around this time, things began to pick up for Meloni when he joined the cast of the award-winning prison drama "Oz" (HBO, 1997-2003). As inmate Chris Keller, a serial killer whose passions and brutality frequently endangered even those closest to him, Meloni received almost unanimous praise from critics and fans alike. There was also a 1998 turn as a bounty hunter in a two-part episode of the critically acclaimed crime drama "Homicide: Life on the Street" (NBC, 1992-99). That same year, the actor also re-teamed with "Oz" co-star Rita Moreno for the indie family comedy "Carlo's Wake" (1998). A higher profile, but less challenging role as the jilted fiancé in the Julia Roberts-Richard Gere romantic comedy "Runaway Bride" (1999) preceded what would be Meloni's biggest role up to that point in his career. As the hot-tempered, driven Detective Elliot Stabler on "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit" (NBC, 1999-) Meloni would garner a legion of fans for his committed portrayal of the passionate cop, earning himself a 2006 Emmy nomination for Best Actor. As with many of the more popular characters in the "Law & Order" (NBC, 1990-2010) universe, Stabler made crossover appearances on the original series and its spin-offs, including "Law & Order: Trial by Jury" (NBC, 2004-05). As busy as he was, Meloni still managed to find time to appear in projects such as the little-known summer camp comedy "Wet Hot American Summer" (2001), co-starring Janeane Garafolo and Paul Rudd, and the TV movie "Dominick Dunne Presents: Murder in Greenwich" (USA, 2002) as controversial former-detective Mark Fuhrman.Even as the usually grim "Law & Order: SVU" continued its long run, Meloni took rare opportunities to work his funny bone with hilarious cameos in the medical comedy "Scrubs" (NBC/ABC, 2001-2010) in 2003, and was barely recognizable in the raunchy "Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle" (2004) as the insane "Freakshow." In the mawkish "Nights in Rodanthe" (2008), Meloni had the thankless task of playing the philandering husband of Diane Lane, once again losing the girl to Richard Gere. He had a bit of silly fun as Coach Davie Stewie, a humiliated one-time Olympic hopeful desperate to recapture his glory via his middle school students in "Gym Teacher" (Nickelodeon, 2008). The following year, he appeared in two long-delayed films, the apocalyptic teen horror movie "Carriers" (2009) and the John Krasinski-directed "Brief Interviews with Hideous Men" (2009), based on the novel by David Foster Wallace. Meanwhile, Meloni ended his run on "SVU" after 12 seasons in order to pursue other projects, stating that he had a great run and left the show with promises of appearing as a guest star in the future. He moved on to a prominent recurring role on "True Blood" (HBO, 2008-2014) as Roman Zimojic, an ancient vampire and Guardian of the blood of Lilith during the series' fifth season. On the big screen, Meloni alternated between dramas including "White Bird in a Blizzard" (2014), and comic-book action films like Frank Miller's "Sin City: A Dame To Kill For" (2014) and "Man of Steel" (2013). Meloni returned to TV with the short-lived sitcom "Surviving Jack" (Fox 2014) and the anarchic prequel "Wet Hot American Summer: First Day of Camp" (Netflix 2015-).