The multi-talented and prolific Gibney, who graduated from Yale with a Japanese literature major before attending UCLA's Graduate School of Film and Television, made his initial impact in TV documentaries he either wrote, produced, directed or a combination of all three. He served as writer-producer on "The Pacific Century" (PBS, 1992) which won an Emmy Award for Best Historical Program. He later wrote, directed and produced the highly rated documentary series, "The Fifties," (1997) for the History Channel, based on the best-selling book by David Halberstam. Like the book, the eight-part miniseries dispelled myths about the popular decade. After doing "AFI's 100 Years 100 Movies: Love Crazy" (1998), Gibney wrote, produced and directed "The Sexual Century," a six-part documentary for ITV and the Canadian Broadcast Company. In 2000, Gibney was a senior producer on "Soldiers in the Army of God," an HBO documentary about radicals in the anti-abortion movement, and was a producer on "Speak Truth to Power" for PBS, a dramatic special focusing on human rights activists, featuring Sigourney Weaver and Alec Baldwin. Gibney wrote and produced the controversial "The Trials of Henry Kissinger," (2002), his best known pre-"Enron" film, which made the case that the former U.S. diplomat under President Nixon was responsible for war crimes during the Vietnam war. Gibney then produced the popular 2003 PBS mini-series, "The Blues," with installments directed by Martin Scorsese, Clint Eastwood and Wim Wenders, among others.Gibney decided to take on the Enron scandal as his next important project, after reading Fortune magazine reporters Bethany McLean and Peter Elkind's 2003 book of the same name. Released in spring, 2005, the Academy Award-nominated documentary used a clever juxtaposition of news footage, music and interviews to expose the truth behind just how top Enron executives Kenneth Lay, Jeff Skilling and Andy Fastow, among others, bankrupted a company but walked away with millions of dollars, while investors and employees were left with nothing. Gibney's film struck a nerve with an American public growing tired of corporate excess, making $4 million in a long and limited box office run. The DVD release was timed to coincide with Lay and Skilling's January, 2006 fraud trial. Though the documentary lost to "March of the Penguins" at the 78th Academy Awards, the film effectively did what Gibney had wanted it to do all along - open a lot of eyes. While continuing to write, direct and/or produce popular culture documentaries, Gibney went on to direct a series of more sociopolitical works including the brutal Afghan War story "Taxi to the Dark Side" (2007), Jack Abramoff biography "Casino Jack and the United States of Money" (2010), "We Steal Secrets: The Story of WikiLeaks" (2013), "The Armstrong Lie" (2013) about disgraced biker Lance Armstrong, and "Going Clear" (2015), a takedown of Scientology adapted from the best-seller by Lawrence Wright.