Gary Leonard Oldman (born 21 March 1958) is an English actor and filmmaker. Among other accolades, he has won an Academy Award, three British Academy Film Awards, two Critics' Choice Awards, a Golden Globe Award, and a Screen Actors Guild Award. Known for his versatility and intense acting style, he is regarded as one of the greatest actors of his generation. His films have grossed over $11 billion worldwide, making him one of the highest-grossing actors of all time. Oldman began acting in theatre in 1979 and made his film debut in Remembrance (1982). He continued to lead a stage career, during which he performed at London's Royal Court and was a member of the Royal Shakespeare Company, with credits including Cabaret, Romeo and Juliet, Entertaining Mr Sloane, Saved, The Country Wife, and Hamlet. He rose to prominence in British film with his portrayals of Sid Vicious in Sid and Nancy (1986), Joe Orton in Prick Up Your Ears (1987), and Rosencrantz in Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead (1990) while also garnering attention as the leader of a gang of football hooligans in the controversial television film The Firm (1989). Regarded as a member of the "Brit Pack", he achieved greater recognition as a New York gangster in State of Grace (1990), Lee Harvey Oswald in JFK (1991), and Count Dracula in Bram Stoker's Dracula (1992). Oldman went on portray the villain in films such as True Romance (1993), The Fifth Element (1997), Air Force One (1997), and The Contender (2000); corrupt DEA agent Norman Stansfield, portrayed by Oldman in Léon: The Professional (1994), has been ranked as one of cinema's best villains. He also played Ludwig van Beethoven in Immortal Beloved (1994) and later appeared in franchise roles such as Sirius Black in the Harry Potter series, James Gordon in The Dark Knight Trilogy (2005-2012), and a human leader, Dreyfus in Dawn of the Planet of the Apes (2014). He portrayed George Smiley in Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (2011), for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor, and eventually won the award for his role as Winston Churchill in Darkest Hour (2017). Oldman has served as executive producer of various films such as The Contender, Plunkett & Macleane (1999), and Nil by Mouth (1997), the latter of which he also wrote and directed. He has also featured in television shows such as Fallen Angels, Tracey Takes On..., and Friends, as well as providing the voice of Viktor Reznov in the Call of Duty video games and appearing in music videos for artists such as David Bowie, Guns N' Roses, and Annie Lennox.