Christopher D'Olier Reeve (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, writer, and director. He was best known for playing the DC Comics character Superman, beginning with the acclaimed Superman (1978), for which he won a BAFTA Award, and, reprised the role in three sequels it spawned later on which has established him being widely regarded as one of the greatest actors of all time including an appearance in the CW Superman-themed television series Smallville (2001) alongside Tom Welling. Reeve's success as Superman allowed him to appear in other critically acclaimed films such as The Bostonians (1984), Street Smart (1987), and The Remains of the Day (1993). He received a Screen Actors Guild Award and a Golden Globe Award nomination for his performance in the television remake of Rear Window (1998). On May 27, 1995, Reeve was left quadriplegic after being thrown from a horse during an equestrian competition in Culpeper, Virginia. He used a wheelchair and needed a portable ventilator to breathe for the rest of his life. He lobbied on behalf of people with spinal cord injuries and for human embryonic stem cell research, founding the Christopher Reeve Foundation and co-founding the Reeve-Irvine Research Center.Reeve died on October 10, 2004, at the age of 52.