Frances Louise McDormand (born Cynthia Ann Smith) is an American actress and producer. Regarded as one of the best actresses of her generation, she is known for her portrayals of quirky, headstrong characters, for which she has garnered numerous accolades, including a Tony Award, two Primetime Emmy Awards, and three Academy Awards for her acting, in addition to a fourth Academy Award as producer, making her one of the few performers to achieve the "Triple Crown of Acting". Additionally, she has received two Golden Globe Awards, three British Academy Film Awards, and four Screen Actors Guild Awards. Although primarily recognized for her roles in small-budget independent films, McDormand's worldwide box office gross exceeds $2.2 billion helped by her appearances in Transformers: Dark of the Moon (2011) and Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted (2012). McDormand was educated at Bethany College and Yale University. She has been married to Joel Coen of the Coen brothers since 1984. McDormand has appeared in a number of the Coens' films, including Blood Simple (1984), Raising Arizona (1987), Barton Fink (1991), Fargo (1996), The Man Who Wasn't There (2001), Burn After Reading (2008), and Hail, Caesar! (2016). For her portrayal of Marge Gunderson in Fargo, McDormand won her first Academy Award for Best Actress. Her other film roles include Mississippi Burning (1988), Almost Famous (2000), and North Country (2005), all of which earned her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. In 2017, she starred as a hardened woman seeking justice for her daughter's murder in the crime-drama film Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri, which won her a second Academy Award for Best Actress. In 2020, she starred in the acclaimed independent drama film Nomadland, earning a third Academy Award for Best Actress and, as one of the film's producers, the Academy Award for Best Picture. Her wins for Nomadland made her the first person in history to win Academy Awards both as producer and performer for the same film, the second woman in history to win Best Actress three times, and the seventh performer overall to win three competitive Academy Awards in acting categories. She garnered further critical praise for her portrayal of Lady Macbeth in The Tragedy of Macbeth (2021). McDormand made her Broadway debut in a 1984 revival of the drama Awake and Sing!, and received a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for her acclaimed performance as Stella Kowalski in a 1988 revival of A Streetcar Named Desire. She returned to Broadway in 2008 with a revival of The Country Girl, leading to a Drama Desk Award nomination for Outstanding Actress in a Play. In 2011, she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for playing a troubled single mother in Good People. On television, McDormand played the titular protagonist in the HBO miniseries Olive Kitteridge (2014), which won her the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie and, as one of the miniseries producers, the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Limited or Anthology Series.