Fred Melamed is an American actor, comedian, and writer. He is best known for portraying Sy Ableman in A Serious Man (2009), Sam Sotto in In a World... (2013), and Bruce Ben-Bacharach in Lady Dynamite (2016–2017). He is also known for his collaborations with Woody Allen appearing in seven of his films including Hannah and Her Sisters (1986), Radio Days (1987), and Crimes and Misdemeanors (1989). Vulture named him one of the greatest character actors working today.His other film roles include Hail, Caesar! (2016), Shiva Baby (2020), and Together Together (2021). He is also known for his numerous guest roles in television including Curb Your Enthusiasm, The Good Wife, and 30 Rock. He has had recurring roles on Casual, New Girl, Brooklyn Nine-Nine, The Morning Show, WandaVision, Impeachment: American Crime Story, and Barry.