Christian Charles Philip Bale is an English actor who holds both British and American citizenship. He is known for his versatility and intensive method acting, and has received many awards, including an Academy Award and two Golden Globe Awards, as well as being featured on the Time 100 list in 2011. Bale was born in Wales to English parents; his father, David Bale, was an entrepreneur and animal rights activist who later married Gloria Steinem. He had his first starring role at age 13 in Steven Spielberg's war film Empire of the Sun (1987). Following a decade of leading and supporting roles, including in Little Women (1994) and Pocahontas (1995), he gained wider recognition for portraying serial killer Patrick Bateman in American Psycho (2000). He lost 29 kg (63 lb) for his role in the psychological thriller The Machinist (2004) and then gained 45 kg (100 lb) in six months to star as Batman in Christopher Nolan's film Batman Begins (2005), a role he reprised in the sequels The Dark Knight (2008) and The Dark Knight Rises (2012). Bale continued in starring roles, including in Nolan's period drama The Prestige (2006), the western 3:10 to Yuma (2007), the science fiction film Terminator Salvation (2009), and the crime drama Public Enemies (2009). For his portrayal of Dicky Eklund in David O. Russell's biographical film The Fighter (2010), he won an Academy Award and a Golden Globe Award. This acclaim continued with his Academy Award-nominated roles in Russell's black comedy American Hustle (2013) and Adam McKay's satires The Big Short (2015) and Vice (2018). For portraying Dick Cheney in Vice, he won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor. He starred as race car driver Ken Miles in Ford v Ferrari (2019), and is set to appear as Gorr the God Butcher in Thor: Love and Thunder (2022). Bale is a supporter of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, Greenpeace, and the World Wildlife Fund. He has been married to Sandra Blažić since 2000; they have two children.