George Walton Lucas, Jr. is an American film director, screenwriter, producer, and entrepreneur. He is best known as the creator of the Star Wars and Indiana Jones franchises. Lucas founded Lucasfilm and led the company as chairman and chief executive before selling it to The Walt Disney Company in 2012.\nUpon graduating from the University of Southern California in 1967, Lucas co-founded American Zoetrope with fellow filmmaker Francis Ford Coppola, and in 1971 wrote and directed THX 1138, which was based on his earlier student short, Electronic Labyrinth: THX 1138 4EB, and was a financial failure. His next work as a writer-director was the 1973 film American Graffiti, which was inspired by Lucas's early life in Modesto, California, and was produced through the newly-founded Lucasfilm. The film was critically and commercially successful, and received five Academy Award nominations.\nAfter American Graffiti, Lucas sought after financing for his science fiction screenplay which would later become Star Wars. After Lucas's failed attempts at getting the film produced at United Artists and Universal Pictures, 20th Century Fox agreed to finance and distribute the film.