John Joseph Nicholson is an American retired actor and filmmaker. He is known for having played a wide range of starring and supporting roles, including comic characters, romantic leads, anti-heroes and villains. In many of his films, he played the "eternal outsider, the sardonic drifter", someone who rebels against the social structure. He received numerous accolades throughout his career which spanned over five decades, including three Academy Awards. His most known and celebrated films include dramas such as the road drama Easy Rider (1969), the drama Five Easy Pieces (1970), and the psychological drama One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975); the comedy-dramas Terms of Endearment (1983), As Good as It Gets (1997), and About Schmidt (2002); the neo-noir mysteries Chinatown (1974) and The Pledge (2001); the horror film The Shining (1980); the superhero film Batman (1989); the legal drama A Few Good Men (1992); the comedy Anger Management (2003); the romantic comedy Something's Gotta Give (2003); and the crime drama The Departed (2006). He has also directed three films, including The Two Jakes (1990), a sequel to Chinatown. His twelve Academy Award nominations make him the most nominated male actor in the Academy's history. He has won the Academy Award for Best Actor twice, once for One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975) and once for As Good as It Gets (1997); he also won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for Terms of Endearment (1983). He is one of only three male actors to win three Academy Awards, and one of only two actors to be nominated for an Academy Award for acting in films made in every decade from the 1960s to the 2000s. His 1984 win for Terms of Endearment made him the first actor to have multiple Oscar-winning performances in Best Picture-winning films, and as of 2022, only Dustin Hoffman and Mahershala Ali have achieved this feat as well. He has won six Golden Globe Awards and received the Kennedy Center Honor in 2001. In 1994, he became one of the youngest actors to be awarded the American Film Institute's Life Achievement Award.
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